Accelerated expansion and the virial theorem
Abstract
When dark matter structures form and equilibrate they have to release a significant amount of energy in order to obey the virial theorem. Since dark matter is believed to be unable to radiate, this implies that some of the accreted dark matter particles must be ejected with high velocities. These ejected particles may then later hit other cosmological structures and deposit their momentum within these structures. This induces a pressure between the cosmological structures which opposes the effect of gravity and may therefore mimic a cosmological constant. We estimate the magnitude of this effect and find that it may be as large as the observed accelerated expansion. Our estimate is accurate only within a few orders of magnitude. It is therefore important to make a much more careful calculation of this redshift dependent effect, before beginning to interpret the observed accelerated expansion as a time dependent generalization of a cosmological constant.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 March 2012
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1204.0129
 Bibcode:
 2012arXiv1204.0129H
 Keywords:

 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Extragalactic Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 4 pages, no figure. Comments are welcome. Inspirational movies at http://www.astro.ku.dk/~hansen/accelerate/